You have been diagnosed with endometriosis. This page gives you information about endometriosis and its treatment.

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a common condition which affects some women during the years they are having periods. It can cause inflammation along the fallopian tubes and scarring of the pelvis.

What symptoms and effects does it have?

Endometriosis can cause painful periods and sometimes pain during intercourse. It is also linked with infertility.

How is endometriosis diagnosed?

Endometriosis is diagnosed through laparoscopy (keyhole surgery) or occasionally by an ultrasound of your ovaries.

The condition is rated as mild, moderate or severe. Your consultant will discuss the results with you.


There are various medications available to treat endometriosis but the use of these medications, either before or after surgery, will not benefit someone wanting to conceive.

Keyhole surgical treatment is usually carried out in the following situations:

  • At the time of diagnosis for mild to moderate endometriosis.
  • If reduced fertility is a problem.
  • If there is severe endometriosis.
  • When endometriosis recurs.


There are increases in pregnancy rates after surgery which helps, on average, 1 in every 8 women.

Severe forms of endometriosis

Severe forms of endometriosis are treated by open surgery.

Leaflet ‘Laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery for endometriosis GHPI0796’ is available to view in the section at the bottom of page:

Does endometriosis return?

There is a small risk of endometriosis returning but the risk is much higher after a hysterectomy if the ovaries have not been removed.

Contact information

If you have any questions, please contact the fertility nurses via Mrs K Reddy’s secretary on the number below. Alternatively, please contact your consultant’s secretary.

Cotswold Fertility Unit

Tel: 0300 422 3128

Monday to Friday, 8:00am to 4:00pm


Printable version of this page

Endometriosis and fertility GHPI0458_12_23 Department: Gynaecology Review due: December 2026 PDF, 307.8 KB, 3 pages
Reference number GHPI0458_12_23
Department Gynaecology
Review due December 2026