The information on this page will help to answer some of the questions you may have about the removal of your fibroid.

Your consultant has arranged for you to have your fibroid removed hysteroscopically (removed from the inside of the womb). You will need a general anaesthetic, so that you are asleep for this procedure. You should only be in hospital for the day.

What happens before the operation?

Sometimes, about 3 to 5 weeks before the operation you may require an injection to stop your periods. This will also shrink the fibroid a little and it will be less likely to bleed during the operation, making the operation easier and the chance of a complication less likely.

The injection will switch your own hormone production off for about 6 weeks so you will experience menopausal symptoms during this time, for example hot flushes or night sweats. It can also cause irregular bleeding. The prescription for the injection will be sent to you, by post, and we will be requesting your practice nurse to administer it to you.

What does the operation involve?

During the operation, the neck of the womb (cervix) is gently widened to allow an instrument called a resectoscope to be passed into the womb. Fluid is circulated inside the womb so the fibroid can be seen and removed bit by bit using the resectoscope. These pieces are sent to the laboratory for examination.

The operation takes about 30 to 45 minutes, depending on the size of the fibroid. With this operation, it is only possible to remove fibroids protruding into the cavity inside the womb. Any fibroid tissue within the wall of the womb will not be removed.

If you are sure that you will not want a further pregnancy, then the womb's lining can be treated with heat (ablation) at the same time, reducing your periods more than just treating the fibroid. This may be worth considering if you are suffering from heavy periods and you definitely do not intend to have any more children. If you decide to have the ablation procedure at the same time, then you will need the injection to be administered 3 to 5 weeks before the date of the procedure.



During the operation there might be some bleeding as fibroids have a large blood supply. If this happens a small tube (catheter) may be placed inside your womb for a few hours to stop the bleeding. This will be removed before you go home.

A blood transfusion may be needed if the blood loss is very heavy. Very rarely, the womb might have to be removed (hysterectomy) to stop the bleeding.


In 1 in every 100 cases the instruments used may puncture the wall of the womb. If this happens the operation will be stopped and you will be given antibiotics and may have to stay in hospital overnight.

Rarely, the hole bleeds and a keyhole operation is needed to close the hole. You may need to stay in hospital longer. Very rarely, the womb might have to be removed (hysterectomy) if the bleeding cannot be stopped.

Fluid overload

During the operation the fluid that is used to distend (expand) the inside of the womb can enter the blood stream. If a large enough amount gets into the blood stream the operation will be stopped and you will need to stay in hospital overnight. You will then need to come back on another day to have the operation completed.


After the operation you may get an infection inside the womb which will cause you to have a smelly discharge and heavy bleeding. If this happens you will need a course of antibiotics which you can get from your GP.

What happens after the operation?

A doctor will see you before you go home and talk to you about your operation. You may have some period type pain for a few days. Simple pain relief such as paracetamol should relieve these symptoms. It is normal to bleed for a few days, you should use sanitary towels not tampons. A blood-stained discharge can be expected for 3 to 4 weeks as the womb heals.

After the operation

  • You should rest for 24 hours
  • You can bath or shower the following day
  • Do not use tampons until the blood-stained discharge has stopped as this could cause an infection
  • You can have sex again as soon as the discharge stops. Continue contraception as before, unless you are wanting to get pregnant
  • You can go back to work and continue with normal activities within about 1 week.

Contact information

If you have any queries, please contact your consultant’s secretary.

For more information, please visit:

British Fibroid Trust

Printable version of this page

Hysteroscopic removal of fibroid GHPI0634_06_22 Department: Gynaecology Review due: July 2025 PDF, 154.2 KB, 3 pages
Reference number GHPI0634_06_22
Department Gynaecology
Review due July 2025